The Cause, Confusion, and Consequences: Problems with the Lord’s Supper

August 18, 2017 at 12:59 pm | Posted in I Corinthians | 3 Comments
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In I Corinthians Chapter 11 the Apostle Paul, after addressing some issues concerning head coverings in church services, also addressed abusive practices pertaining to the Lord’s Supper.

Now in this that I declare unto you I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse. For first of all, when ye come together in the church, I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it.

I Corinthians 11:17-18

Like many of their problems, the cause of the Corinthian Christians’ problems with their observance of the Lord’s Supper was disunity. The nature of the disunity was made clear:

When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord’s supper. For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken.

I Corinthians 11:20-21

The whole point of the Lord’s Supper was supposed to be fellowship and communion, but the rich church members were eating their own meals instead of sharing with the poor members, and apparently some of the poor were looking forward to a free buffet instead of an opportunity to remember Christ’s death. People were using the occasion as a reason for physical excess rather than spiritual worship.

The Holy Spirit through Paul identified their confusion: Worship must involve sacrifice. It is antithetical to selfishness.

Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another. And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.

I Corinthians 11:33-34

Furthermore, this is an ordinance of the Church commanded by the Lord, so naturally there are consequences for doing it unworthily.

For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord’s death till he come.

I Corinthians 11:26

Jesus is the reason for the whole affair – to remember that He instituted the New Covenant in His blood – so it is obvious that it should be a joyous but also a solemn affair.

Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.

I Corinthians 11:27

“Unworthily” is often said to said to mean that someone with unconfessed sin should not participate in the Lord’s Supper, but none of us are worthy – only Christ is. The context seems to plead for understanding “unworthily” as meaning something done without the proper dignity or motivation for being there, although the next verse does lend support to the idea that we must take an inventory of any sins which are keeping us from fellowshipping with the Lord with a clean conscience:

But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body.

I Corinthians 11:28-29

“Damnation” here refers to consequential judgment, not eternal damnation.

For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.

I Corinthians 11:30

The consequences of eating and drinking unworthily in remembrance of Christ’s shed blood and broken body are revealed to be sickness and potential death.


Leavenless Lump

October 10, 2011 at 1:02 pm | Posted in A Little Alliteration, Bible Studies, I Corinthians | 10 Comments
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Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:

I Corinthians 5:7

The Passover feast was Christ’s appointed time – the time when the spotless Lamb of God would shed His blood for the sins of the world. A little over 2000 years later, under the New Covenant, we remember this occasion by observing the ordinance of the Lord’s Supper.

At the Jewish Passover there was to be no leaven in the lump of dough used to make the bread. Leaven is a picture of sin in a congregation. Leaven may be small, but it is powerful. It works secretly. It “puffs up.” It spreads.

But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such an one no not to eat.

I Corinthians 5:11

Sometimes the Lord’s Supper is called “Communion,” a word which speaks of common unity. When a group of New Testament Christians assembles to observe the ordinance of Communion, one the worst instances of “leaven” would be feelings of hatred among different members of the body.

Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

I Corinthians 5:8

The Lord’s Leftovers

July 29, 2010 at 11:49 am | Posted in Bible Studies | 2 Comments
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When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands.

Deuteronomy 24:19

One of my favorite things is leftovers – especially after the holidays. I like leftover turkey, leftover ham, leftover cabbage and black-eyed peas. I love my wife’s leftover homemade fried chicken after it’s been in the fridge all night! But is there a spiritual lesson associated with leftovers?

The Bible Word for leftovers is “gleaning” (See also Leviticus 23:22; 19:9-10; and Deuteronomy 24:21.) Gleaning is a very important part of the Book of Ruth.

Here are three principles concerning the Lord’s “leftovers:” (1) Gathering; (2) Gleaning; (3) Giving.

Gathering is why the harvest is cut down. It’s the collection of the fruits of the harvest. It is when God graciously allows us to see the results of our labors in Him. When that happens, we get to rejoice – but we don’t always see the harvest in this life. The best way to make sure I am enjoying the blessings of the “gathering” in this life is to be present where believers are “gathering” together for church.


When thou… hast forgot a sheaf, thou shalt not go again to fetch it…

Deuteronomy 24:19

This is not an admonition not to forget. (That’s the usual theme of my Lord’s Supper devotions.) This “forgetting” is expected. It’s almost designed – so that certain people – people who are hungry and needy because they couldn’t plow, plant, sow, and gather – can still “work” for their supper. It preserves their dignity (not pride) and allows them to eat. There is also an application for us, today, in church.

When you “gather” the Word – gather some to be left for others. When you “gather” your praise and worship – gather some for others. When you “gather” your prayers – let others come glean some of the prayers you might have forgotten.


We are to give our gleaning to “strangers” (lost people). We are to give our gleaning to the “fatherless” (children whose fathers are physically or spiritually absent or deceased). We are to give our gleaning to “widows” (women whose husbands are deceased and women whose husbands are not providing materially or spiritually).

Why gather, glean, and give? The obvious answer is so God can bless those who need it. The even better answer is so He can bless the work of our hands. God could take care of strangers, orphans, and widows without my help. But He lets me have a part in it. Some Christians are gathering, but not gleaning and giving. Some Christians are gathering, getting, and gorging. We’re being fed the Word like nobody’s business and we’re turning into fat pigs. We’re not leaving a single sheaf for others who are not getting fed the Word. “Silver and gold have we none,” said Peter and John to the lame man outside the gate called Beautiful, “but such as we have we give unto thee.” I may not have anything anybody “wants,” but I may have been given exactly what somebody needs.

Will you gather together some of what the Lord has given you today, and just happen to “forget it,” and leave it for somebody else?

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